The Common Drugs Used For Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalances

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The Common Drugs Used For Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalances


1.Mention the action of the common drugs used for fluid and electrolyte imbalances with 2 examples for each.

Acidifiers/ Alkalisers Action (Specific Action)


Replacement solutions

Action (Specific Action)


2.During handover, you find that one of your clients is having high doses of IV Antibiotics administered as an infusion in 50ml Normal Saline over 30 minutes. Client is complaining of severe pain at the IV site, nausea, dizziness, and increased fatigue. Drug administration guidelines state the medication should be given in 250ml isotonic Saline over two hours.

After identifying this drug error, explain your actions.

3.Mr. Toms, 56-year-old client has a blood transfusion in progress. Mention the signs and symptoms that you must observe for during and after blood transfusion. How would you manage them?

4.To safely administer blood product to clients, Nurses should be vigilant through all the steps of transfusion: storage, transportation, handling, checking, and disposing of blood bag and related waste. In the table given below, you will find each of these steps or variables and some choices given for each of the variable. Read the choices and complete the table as required. (30-50 words each) The Common Drugs Used For Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalances


What Is the Correct Technique/ Way /procedure?


What Is the Correct Technique/ Way /procedure?


A client is currently on IV therapy with 1L of CSL. After reviewing recent blood results of the client, doctor has prescribed transfusion of two units of Packed Red Cells (PRC). While commencing transfusion, what precautions should the Nurse take regarding drug and blood product incompatibilities?

Expert Answer

This solution was written by a subject matter expert. It’s designed to help students like you learn core concepts.


Step 1/2
Acidifiers/ Alkalisers: Acidifiers increase the acidity of the blood and urine, while alkalisers increase the alkalinity. They are used to correct imbalances in the body’s pH levels.
Examples of acidifiers: a. Ammonium chloride – increases the acidity of urine in the treatment of certain types of urinary tract infections. b. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) – can act as an acidifier in high doses, and is sometimes used in the treatment of metabolic alkalosis. Examples of alkalisers: a. Sodium bicarbonate – increases the alkalinity of blood and is used to treat conditions such as acidosis and some types of poisoning. b. Potassium citrate – used to alkalinize urine and prevent the formation of kidney stones. Replacement solutions: Replacement solutions are used to replace fluids and electrolytes lost due to illness, injury, or surgery. Examples of replacement solutions: a. Normal saline – a solution of sodium chloride in water that is used to replace lost fluids and sodium in the body. b. Lactated Ringer’s solution – a solution that contains electrolytes (sodium, potassium, calcium, and chloride) and is used to replace lost fluids and electrolytes in the body. It is often used in surgeries or for patients with burns or trauma.
Step 2/2
Common drugs used for fluid and electrolyte imbalances are:
  1. Diuretics – These are drugs that help in the elimination of excess fluid from the body. They work by increasing the amount of urine produced by the kidneys. Examples include furosemide (Lasix) and hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide).
  2. Electrolyte supplements – These are medications that help to restore the balance of electrolytes in the body. They are used when there is an imbalance of electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and magnesium. Examples include potassium chloride (K-Dur) and magnesium oxide (Mag-Ox).
  3. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) agonists – These drugs help to reduce urine production and increase water retention in the body. Examples include desmopressin (DDAVP) and vasopressin (Pitressin).
  4. Sodium channel blockers – These are drugs that block the sodium channels in the kidneys, which reduces the amount of sodium reabsorbed by the body. Examples include triamterene (Dyrenium) and amiloride (Midamor).
Final answer
It’s important to note that the use of these drugs should be carefully monitored by a healthcare professional to ensure proper dosages and avoid potential side effects. The Common Drugs Used For Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalances

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